Saturday, 11 January 2014

Longest snakes in the world


There are about 2900 species of snakes out of which 400 species are venomous. We have listed below longest snakes in the world. They eat rodents, frog, birds and other snakes and able to consume prey three times larger than the diameter of their head. Many snakes kill their prey with venom but some snakes are able to kill their prey with stress muscle. There are many species of snakes which can be categorized on the bases of their venom or length. 

Indigo Snake



Body Length : 2.4 Meter
Indigo Snake is one of the longest snakes found in the US. It is blue black in color having smooth scales with many color variations and reddish orange color on throat, cheeks and chin. Their maximum weight is 4.5 kg. They have many common names including indigo, blue indigo snake, black snake and black bull snake.

Diamondback Rattlesnake



Body Length : 2.7 Meter
The Western Diamondback Rattlesnake found in the US and Mexico. Most of the snakes are dusty gray brown in color but it is also found in dull red, pinkish and yellowish. It is responsible for maximizing snakebite fatalities in Mexico. The snake of this species weighs up to 6.5 kg.

Giant Brown Snake


Body Length : 3.0 Meter
Giant Brown Snake is one of the longest venomous snakes in the world. Their weight is up to 3-6 kg. They produce venom in huge quantities and may deliver 150 mg in one bite. The female snake produce 8-20 eggs. Their in habitat includes grasslands, scrublands, woodlands and they eat lizards, birds, mammals and frogs.

Bushmaster


Body Length : 3.65 Meter
Bushmaster is a kind of viper and the longest viper in the world. Average adult snake varies in length from 2-2.5 Meter. It is found in central and south America and some island of Trinidad. They are laying about a dozen of eggs in an average clutch. Its venom is very dangerous and it is capable of multiple bites.

Boa Constrictor


Body Length : 4.3 Meter
Boa Constrictor is found in North, Central and South America. They are brown, cream and gray in color. The average snake can reach in length up to 3-13 feet. An average snake can weigh up to 27 kg and some species exceed 45 kg. They live in a wide variety of environments from rain forests to semi desert country.

King Cobra



Body Length : 5.8 Meter
King Cobra is the longest venomous snake in the world and are capable to kill an elephant. King Cobra is olive, brown or green in color with rings of black color. King Cobra is the largest venomous snake in the world. They are found in China, Malaysia, Peninsula and south east asia. They usually eat non venomous snake but on rare occasion they attack venomous snake such as kraits, other cobras. The female King Cobra builds a nest and lays its egg in it and guards the nest.

Diamond Python


Body Length : 6.4 Meter
Diamond Python is black and green in color and found in coastal areas and southeastern region of Australia. It is also found at higher altitude than any other snake of Australia. The female snake lay up to 50 eggs and defend her eggs by coiling around them and shivering to maintain their temperature.

Indian Python


Body Length : 7.5 Meter
Indian Python is very large non venomous snake found in Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and some region of Myanmar. Their habitats include grasslands, swamps and marshy lands, open jungle and river valley. They lay up to 100 eggs at a time and protected by female by changing their body temperature through muscular contractions.

Green Anaconda


Body Length : 8.5 Meter
Green Anaconda is one of the heaviest known snake species. Most of the snake can reach up to 6 meters. They are olive green in color with black blotches along the length of the body. They are found in South America, Andes, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil and some islands of Trinidad. They eat a wide variety of prey include fish, birds, mammals and reptiles.

Reticulated Python


Body Length : 9.5 Meter
Reticulated Python is the longest snake in the world found in Southeast Asia. Most of this species can grow up to 7 meters. They are non venomous but they have enough power to kill an adult man. They are mostly found nearby streams and lakes and their diet includes a wide variety of mammals and occasionally birds.

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