Saturday, 29 June 2013

Rare sighting of three snow leopards in China

Three snow leopards have been spotted in the Yushu hills in central China. The animals are endangered, which makes seeing three of them in one place all the more surprising. Native to the Central Asian mountains, the snow leopard is a rare sight, with only about 6,000 left in the wild. They are hunted for their beautiful, warm fur and for their organs, which are used in traditional Chinese medicine.

These rare, beautiful gray leopards live in the mountains of Central Asia. They are insulated by thick hair, and their wide, fur-covered feet act as natural snowshoes. Snow leopards have powerful legs and are tremendous leapers, able to jump as far as 50 feet (15 meters). They use their long tails for balance and as blankets to cover sensitive body parts against the severe mountain chill.

Snow leopards prey upon the blue sheep of Tibet and the Himalaya, as well as the mountain ibex found over most of the rest of their range. Though these powerful predators can kill animals three times their weight, they also eat smaller fare, such as marmots, hares and game birds. One snow leopard, protected and observed in a national park, is reported to have consumed five blue sheep, nine Tibetan woolly hares, twenty-five marmots, five domestic goats, one domestic sheep and fifteen birds in a single year. As these numbers indicate, snow leopards sometimes have a taste for domestic animals, which has led to killings of the big cats by herders.

These endangered cats appear to be in dramatic decline because of such killings, and due to poaching driven by illegal trades in pelts and in body parts used for medicine. Vanishing habitat and the decline of the cats' large mammal prey are also contributing factors.

Some Facts about endangered cats

Type                            Mammal
Diet                             Carnivore
Size                              4 to 5 ft (1.2 to 1.5 m); Tail, 36 in (91 cm)
Weight                       60 to 120 lbs (27 to 54 kg)
Protection status       Endangered
Size                             relative to a 6-ft (2-m) man

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