The Kaaba is a cuboid-shaped building in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, and is the most sacred site in Islam, The Qur'an states that the Kaaba was constructed by Abraham, or Ibraheem, in Arabic, and his son Ishmael, or Ismaeel, as said in Arabic, after he (the son, Ismaeel) had settled in Arabia. The building has a mosque built around it, the Masjid al-Haram. All Muslims around the world face the Kaaba during prayers, no matter where they are. This is called facing the Qiblah.
One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in his or her lifetime if able to do so. Multiple parts of the Hajj require pilgrims to walk seven times around the Kaaba in a counter-clockwise direction . This circumambulation, the Tawaf, is also performed by pilgrims during the Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). However, the most difficult times are during the Hajj, when, about 6 million pilgrims gather to circle the building on the same day.
The man used 2 million matches to Make the Model of this Beautiful Masjid.
This Man made this Khana Kaaba model in 3 years
Inside the Kaaba
The floor is made of marble and limestone. The interior walls are clad with marble halfway to the roof; The marble is inset with Qur'anic inscriptions. The wall directly adjacent to the entrance of the Kaaba has six tablets inlaid with inscriptions. The top part of the walls are covered with a green cloth embroidered with gold Qur'anic verses.
There is also a semi-circular wall opposite, but not connected to, the north-west wall of the Kaaba known as the hatīm. This is 90 cm (35 in) in height and 1.5 m (4.9 ft) in width, and is composed of white marble. At one time the space lying between the hatīm and the Kaaba belonged to the Kaaba itself, and for this reason it is not entered during the tawaf. Some believe that the graves of prophet Ismail and his mother Hajarare located in this space. Muslims throughout the world face the Kaaba during prayers, which they perform five times a day. For most places around the world, coordinates for Makkah suffice. Worshippers in the Masjid al-Haram pray in Concentric circles around the Kaaba.
The Black Stone (Hijr-e-Aaswadd)
The Black Stone is a significant feature of the Kaaba, stated by Muslims to have been placed there by Ibrahim (Abraham) and Ismail (Ishmael), a stone from paradise sent by the angels to Ibrahim. Located at the eastern corner of the Kaaba, it is about 30 cm (12 in) in diameter and surrounded by a silver frame. Although not strictly obligatory, pilgrims can kiss the Stone, as Muhammad(Peace be upon him) is said to have done.
History and Importance of Maqam-e-Ibrahim
Maqam-e-Ibrahim also known as the Station of Ibrahim is the large stone block on which Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) stood while building the upper walls of the Holy Ka’aba. It is believed that this rock was sent from heaven to Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) along with three other rocks one of which is the Sacred Black Stone, also known as Hijr-e-Aswad. The second one is the rock of the children of Israel and the third one is Maqam-e-Ibrahim.
The block was moved further when the construction of one part was completed and in this way, all the upper portion of Ka’aba was constructed. When the construction was completed, the block was left there on the eastern side of the Holy Kaaba. One of the miracles of Hazrat Ibrahim (A.S), which many of us might be unaware of, is that when He stood on that rock, it became soft and his feet dived into the rock which resulted in making the impression of his feet on the rock. After several hundred years, those impressions are still on that rock.
Sa’eed bin Jubair (RA) reported that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “The stone is the station of Ibrahim. Allah made it soft and made it a mercy. Ibrahim would stand on it and Ismail would hand the stones up to him.” During the khilafat of Hazrat Umer (RA), he got it moved from the eastern side of holy Ka’aba to the front of Ka’aba just close to the door of the sanctuary. It was done so that the Muslims may not face any difficulty while performing tawaf as it used to come in their way. The present place where it is located now is the place where Hazrat Ibrahim (AS) offered two rakah prayers after finishing the construction of Ka’aba. During tawaf, at the time of Hajj and Umrah, it is desirable if the Muslims offer two rakah prayers behind Maqam-e-Ibrahim. A person may offer prayer from a distance so that no trouble is caused to other Muslims performing tawaf.
It is mandatory to offer prayer after finishing tawaf or the tawaf will not be accepted. Allah said in Holy Quran in Surah al-Baqarah: “Remember We made the house a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma’il, that they should sanctify. My House for those who compass it round, or use it as a retreat, or bow, or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).” [2:125]