Last year was termed as excellent as far as discovery of newfound species is concerned. Few plants and animals documented for the first time are from Papua New Guinea that is full of species unknown to science.
Mimulus peregrines flower was found in Scotland. Originally a hybrid of two other flowers, the monkey flower evolved to overcome infertility and reproduce on its own.
Previously known species Cercopithecus hamlyni (left) and newly described Cercopithecus lomamiensis (right)
Scientists discovered Cercopithecus lomamiensis, also known as the lesula monkey, in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The lesula has a striking expression, but the monkey’s unusual coloring was what helped scientists realize it might be a new species. The lesula is already endangered due to local bush-meat hunting.
Auburn Tiger Trapdoor Spider
Myrmekiaphila tigris spider was discovered in a backyard in Auburn, Ala. These spiders were once thought to belong to a different species. Some bad news for people with arachnophobia: Males wander the sidewalks in large groups in search of mates. Males die shortly after mating, but females live 15 to 20 years.
World’s Smallest Frog
Paedophryne amanuensis is not only the world’s smallest known frog but also the world’s smallest known vertebrate. Scientists found this species in Papua New Guinea. Adults range from 7 to 8 millimeters in length.
Anguilla Bank Skink Lizard
Scientists have discovered 24 new species of skinks in the Caribbean. The blue-tailed skink is the Anguilla Bank skink. Many of the newfound species are in danger of extinction.
The Brookesia micra is the tiniest of four chameleons found last year in Madagascar. Adults are just over an inch long, making it one of the smallest known reptiles.
This little shark, called Bythaelurus giddingsi, looks like a cross between a shark and a catfish. Scientists found it in the Galapagos Islands.
Reticulated Dragonet Fish
The reticulated dragonet fish differs only slightly from other dragnet fish—it has only three spines on its gill cover instead of four, and it has a longer snout. But scientists rarely discover new species of fish in Sweden. Its scientific name is Callionymus reticulates.
What was once thought to be a single species on the island of Borneo was split into four distinct slow loris species. The primates are nocturnal, tree-dwelling, and have a venomous bite.