The Quran is the sacred text of Islam. The Arabic word “Islam” means submission. Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is the final messenger from Allah. The goal of a Muslim’s life is to live in a way to please Allah, so that one may gain enlightenment.
The Five Pillars of Islam are:
- SHAHADAH.: Faith - “There is no god except Allah, Muhammad(Peace be upon him) is the messenger of Allah”.
- SALAH: Prayer - Praying five times a day.
- ZAKAH: Donate - Each year, Muslims are supposed to donate a fixed proportion of their savings for good deeds.
- SAWM: Fasting - Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
- HAJJ: Pilgrimage - Making a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in the lifetime of a Muslim, if it is affordable.
Special Islamic Days
Event Hijri Date Gregorian Date
Aashoraa day 10 Muharram 1434 24 Nov 2012
fasting month 1 Ramadhan 1434 9 July 2013
Lailat ul-Qadr 20 -29 Ramadhan 1434 26 Jul -6 Aug
Eidu al-fitr 1 Shawwal 1434 8 Aug
Hajj days 8 - 13 Thw al-Hijjah 1434 13 - 18 Oct
Arafa day 9 Thw al-Hijjah 1434 14 Oct
Eidu al-adha 10 Thw al-Hijjah 1434 15 Oct
Aashoraa day 10 Muharram 1435 13 Nov
Muharram, the first month of the islamic calender, derives its name from the Haram which means forbidden. Prior to the advent of islam, the Arabs respected this month and sanctified it by abstaining from warfare during this month and practicing piety.
The name Safar, the second month of the islamic calender, comes from the 'Empty', because in pre-islamic days the Arabs used to leave their houses empty during this month to set out to fight their enemies, while other traditions say they would leave their homes to escape the summer heat. The month of safar was considered to be evil and ominous by the Arabs, while the Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH rejected such beliefs and ideas.
''There is nothing ominous about the month of safar''
[ Bukhari, vol. 1-pg.857 ]
Rabi ' l
Rabi-ul-Awwal is the third month of the islamic calendar.the month is named as the first [Awwal] month of spring [Rabi], in which it would rain and flower buds would blossom, it was this month in which the Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH was born and the month in which he departed 63 years later. This is also the month of Hijrat from which the Islamic calender takes its name.
Rabi ' ll
Rabi-uth-Thani is the fourth month of the Islamic calendar.The month is named as the second [Thani] month of spring [Rabi], in which fruits would ripen and the crops would be ready for harvest.
Jumada ' l
Jumadal-ula, the fifth month of the Islamic calender, named after the change in season as the first [ula] month of winter in which the sources of water froze. this was a month of both joy and loss for the Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH prior to prophethood, as he married Bibi Khatija RA and lost his grand father Abdul Muttalib in this month.
Jumada ' ll
Jumad-uth-Thani is the sixth month of the Hijri calender. The word 'jumad' is derived from the word 'jumood' meaning to freeze This is the second of the two month s in which water used to freeze at the time when these months were named.
The lexical of Rajab is 'to respect'. The Arabs regarded the month of Rajab, the seven month of the Islamic calender, as one of the sacred months in which they would refrain from trading and fighting. the word 'Fard' means alone, because unlike the other three sacred months for Muslims which are consensecutive, this sacred month comes alone.It is generally believed that the event of Me'raj, that is the ascension of the Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH to the heavens,took place on a night in the end of Rajab.
Sha'ban is the eight month of the islamic calendar. The Arabic word Sha'ban' is derived from the word 'tash'aba', which means to devide in to groups and disperse into different directions.Traditionally, the Arabs would leave their land and travel in this month. This is the month in which the Ka'aba was established as Qibla for the Muslims.
The name Ramzan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar is derived from the word 'Ar-ramza' which refers to extreme heat, as this month used to coincide with the climate of extreme heat in the Arab Peninsula.Allah has ordered Muslims to fast in this month and has gifted them with the night of Shab-e-Qadr.
''the month of Ramzan is the one in which the Quran was revealed as guidance for mankind,and as clear signs that show the rightway and distinguish between right and wrong .So those of you who witness the month shall fast in it....''
[ayat 185; Surah Al-Baqarah]
The name of tenth month of the Islamic calendar ,Shawwal is derived from the Arabic word 'tashawwala', which refers to the scacity in she-camels'milk,as it usedto be the time for camel breeding,prior to Islam this month was traditionally considered a month of doom and despair by the Arabs, but contrary to their superstitions, Allah revealed this to be the first of three consecutive sacred month . this month begins with the celebrations and blessing of Eid-ul-Fitr.
The name Dhul-Qa'dah comes from the word 'qa'ada' which means to sit .The Arabs would stop their business activities to sit and prepare for the next month's religious pilgrimage to Makkah , the Hajjj. Dhul-Qa'dah is the eleventh month of the Islamic calendar and is the second month of the three consecutive sacred months for Muslims.
The name of the Dhul- Hijjah comes from the word Hajj or pilgrimage , which the Arabs would make even before Islam . For Muslims, Dhul- Hijjah is the last of the three consecutive sacred months and the last month of the Islamic calendar, it was in this month in which Allah revealed the following Ayat;
''...This day those who disbelieve have despaired of [defeating] your religion ; so fear them not, but fear Me. This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion...''
[Ayat 3 -Surah Al- Ma;idah]