Sunday, 6 January 2013

Famous Mosques of the World


A mosque is a place of worship for Muslims, often referred as Arabic name, masjid. The word mosque in English refers to all types of buildings dedicated to Islamic worship, although there is a distinction in Arabic between the smaller, privately owned mosque and the larger, "collective" mosque (masjid jāmi`). Although the primary purpose of the mosque is to serve as a place of prayer, it is also important to the Muslim community as a place to meet and learn Quran. Modern mosques have evolved greatly from the early designs of the 7th century, and contain a variety of architectural elements such as minarets.

Makkah   Kaaba

The Kaaba (Arabic: الكعبة‎ al-Kaʿbah), also known as al-Kaʿbah l-Mušarrafah (الكعبة المشرفة; "The Noble Cube"), al-Baytu l-ʿAtīq (البيت العتيق; "The Primordial House"), or al-Baytu l-Ḥarām (البيت الحرام; "The Sacred/Forbidden House") is a cuboid building in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and is the most sacred site in Islam. The building has a mosque ("Masjid") built around it, the Masjid al-Haram. Muslims are expected to face the Kaaba during prayers, no matter where they are. From any given point in the world, the direction facing the Kaaba is called the Qiblah. One of the Five Pillars of Islam requires every Muslim to perform the Hajj pilgrimage at least once in lifetime, if able to do so. Multiple parts of the Hajj require pilgrims to walk seven times around the Kaaba. This circumambulation, the Tawaf, is also performed by pilgrims during the Umrah. However, the most dramatic times are during the Hajj, when about 6 million pilgrims gather to circle the building on the same day.


 Old  Makkah

Madinah   -Masjid al-Nabawi


Al-Masjid al-Nabawī [Arabic: اَلْمَسْجِد اَلنَّبَوِي‎, "Mosque of the Prophet(Peace be upon him)"], often called the Prophet's(Peace be upon him) Mosque, is a mosque built by the Islamic Prophet Muhammad(Peace be upon him) situated in the city of Madina. It is the second holiest site in Islam (the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah). It was the second mosque built in history and is now one of the largest mosques in the world. After an expansion during the reign of al-Walid I, it also now incoporates the site of the final resting place of Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and early Muslim leaders Abu Bakr and Umar.

The site was originally adjacent to Muhammad's(Peace be upon him) house; he(Peace be upon him) settled there after his Hijra (emigration) to Madina in 622. He(Peace be upon him) shared in the heavy work of construction. The original mosque was an open-air building. The basic plan of the building has been adopted in the building of other mosques throughout the world.

The mosque also served as a community center, a court, and a religious school. There was a raised platform for the people who taught the Quran. In 1909, it became the first place in the Arabian Peninsula to be provided with electrical lights. The mosque is under the control of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques.

One of the most notable features of the site is the Green Dome in the south-east corner of the mosque, originally Aisha's house, where the tomb of Muhammad(Peace be upon him) is located. In 1279 AD, a wooden cupola was built over the tomb which was later rebuilt and renovated multiple times in late 15th century and once in 1817. The dome was first painted green in 1837, and later became known as the Green Dome.
The mosque is located in what was traditionally the center of Madina, with many hotels and old markets nearby. It is a major pilgrimage site and people go to Madina before or after Hajj to visit the mosque.



Faisal mosque in Pakistan

The Faisal Mosque is the largest mosque in Pakistan, located in the capital city of Islamabad. Completed in 1986, it was designed by Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay to be shaped like a desert Bedouin's tent. It is situated at the north end of Faisal Avenue, putting it at the northernmost end of the city and at the foot of Margalla Hills. This enviable location represents the mosque's great importance and allows it to be seen from miles around day and night.

The Faisal Mosque is conceived as the National Mosque of Pakistan and named after the late King Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz of Saudi Arabia, who supported and financed the project. It is the largest mosque in South Asia and one of the largest mosques in the world. The Faisal Mosque was the largest mosque in the world from 1986 until 1993, when it was overtaken in size upon the completion of the Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Subsequent expansions of the Masjid al-Haram (Grand Mosque) of Makkah and the Al-Masjid al-Nabawi [Prophet's(Peace be upon him) Mosque] in Madina, Saudi Arabia during the 1990s relegated Faisal Mosque to fourth place in terms of size.



Umayyad Masjid in Damascus, Syria



Masjid in Kuala Lumpur


Putra Masjid in Malaysia


Sankore Masjid in Mali


Sea Masjid in Senegal


Semerkand Masjid, Uzbekistan


Maltepe Masjid in Turkey


Sultan Ahmed Mosque In Turkey


Seoul Korea Masjid


Wazir Khan Masjid in Pakistan


Masjid in Kerala


Masjid in Turkey


Masjid in Brunei


Masjid in Iran


Masjid in Arabia


Masjid in Paris


Sharjah Masjid, UAE


Masjid in Mali


Minaret Masjid in Egypt


Masjid Matara in Sri Lanka


Masjid Istanbul


Mohammed Ali Masjid in Cairo


Masjid Yateem in Bahrain


Masjid Terapung in Malaysia


Sultan Masjid in Singapore


Kristal Masjid in Malaysia


Masjid in Malaysia


Masjid in Iran


Larabanga Masjid in Ghana


Kul Sharif Masjid in Russia


Masjid in Morocco


Masjid in London


Masjid in Cairo


Masjid in Maldives


Masjid in Mali, Africa


Masjid in Turkey


Masjid in Malaysia


Jama Masjid, Lucknow


Jama Masjid, India


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